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JoAnne Arcand photo

JoAnne Arcand
PhD, RD

Assistant Professor

Faculty of Health Sciences

Dr. Arcand is a nutritional scientist who runs an active research program that aims to improve the nutritional health of the public and patients with chronic diseases, particularly those with cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and heart failure.

Contact information

Science Building - Room 3016
North Oshawa
2000 Simcoe Street North
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4

joanne.arcand@uoit.ca


Research topics

  • public health nutrition
  • clinical nutrition
  • dietetics
  • food policy (food supply, public knowledge attitudes behaviours)
  • chronic disease prevention and management
  • cardiovascular disease (hypertension, heart failure)
  • program and policy evaluation
  • patient oriented research
  • implementation science
  • dietary sodium
  • dietary assessment
  • knowledge translation

Areas of expertise

Background

Dr. Arcand has expertise in clinical and population health aspects of cardiovascular disease prevention and management. She was recently awarded a National New Investigator Award from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and was the 2017 CIHR-INMD-Canadian Nutrition Society New Investigator Prize. Her research program is funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the Heart and Stroke Foundation and the International Development Research Centre. Her current research program is:

  • Examining the implementation of nutrition recommendations in primary care.
  • Evaluating novel tools for the dietary management and prevention of hypertension and heart failure.
  • Designing and developing mobile nutrition education apps for school age children in Ontario.
  • Evaluating policies to reduce population sodium intakes both nationally and in Latin America.

She is also actively involved in the international Science of Salt research group, affiliated with the World Hypertension League and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Salt Reduction, and chairs a subcommittee that conducts regular systematic reviews of studies published on dietary sodium and health outcomes. She is also involved in numerous knowledge translation activities, including the development of novel tools to translate scientific information to the public, patients and clinicians. She volunteers her time to several committees with the Hypertension Canada, Canadian Nutrition Society and Dietitians of Canada. Her work has been published in high-profile journals and presented to a variety of stakeholder groups including clinicians, academics, food industry and government. She received a Notable Achievement Award from the World Hypertension League for her significant contributions in dietary sodium reduction.

Dr. Arcand developed the Sodium Calculator, an innovative dietary assessment tool to assist the public and clinicians in rapidly determining the amount and sources of sodium in the diet.

To keep clinicians, researchers and policymakers informed about the latest salt/sodium research, the Science of Salt research group frequently publishes systematic reviews of new research. Identified articles are also summarized each week as part of a weekly Science of Salt newsletter.

Education

  • PhD Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto 2011
  • MSc Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto 2006
  • BSc Human Ecology (Food and Nutrition), University of Western Ontario 2001

Courses taught

Courses taught (past and present) at the undergraduate level:

  • Nutrition and Health
  • Nutrition for Nursing Practice
  • International and Community Nutrition (University of Toronto)

Research and expertise

Dr. Arcand is a nutritional scientist who runs an active research program funded by grants from the Heart and Stroke Foundation, the International Development Research Centre, and the Ontario Research Fund. Her research aims to improve the nutritional health of the public and patients with chronic diseases, particularly those with cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and heart failure. Her research generally falls into the following areas:

  • Cardiovascular disease prevention and management.
  • Knowledge translation innovations and implementation research.
  • Evaluation of Canadian and international food and nutrition policies and programs.

Research areas of specialty:

  • public health nutrition
  • clinical nutrition
  • dietetics
  • food policy (food supply; public knowledge attitudes behaviours)
  • chronic disease prevention and management
  • cardiovascular disease (hypertension, heart failure)
  • program and policy evaluation
  • patient oriented research
  • implementation science
  • dietary sodium
  • dietary assessment
  • knowledge translation

Involvement

  • Selected publications (past five years)

    For a comprehensive and up-to-date list of Dr. Arcand’s publications, please visit PubMed.

    Arcand J, Scourboutakos MJ, Au JTC, L'Abbe MR. Trends in trans fatty acid levels in the Canadian food supply: An updated analysis from 2006 to 2011. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014;100(4):1116-23.

    Fitzpatrick L, Arcand J, L’Abbe MR, Deng M, Duhaney T, Campbell NRC. Canadian food labels: Are they accurate? Nutrients. 2014. 22;6(8):3326-35.

    Arcand J, Au JTC, Schermel A, L’Abbe MR. A comprehensive analysis of sodium levels in the Canadian packaged food supply. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2014;46(6):633-42.

    Niebylski ML, Lu T, Campbell NRC, Arcand J, Schermel A, Hua D, Yeates KE, Tobe SW, Twohig PA, L'Abbe MR, Liu PP. Healthy Food Procurement Policies and their Impact. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014;3;11(3):2608-27.

    Mendoza J, Schram GA, Arcand J, Henson S, L'Abbe MR. Assessment of consumers' level of engagement in following recommendations for lowering sodium intake. Appetite. 2014;73:51-57.

    Wong CL, Arcand J, Mendoza J, Henson S, Qi Y, Lou W, L'Abbé MR. Consumer attitudes and understanding of low sodium claims on food: An analysis of healthy and hypertensive individuals. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013;97(6):1288-98.

    Arcand J, L'Abbe MR, Newton GE. Hospital Salt – Reply. JAMA Internal Medicine. 2013;11;173(5):391-2.

    Schermel A, Emrich TE, Arcand J, Wong CL, L'Abbe MR. Nutrition Marketing on Processed Food Packages in Canada: 2010 Food Label Information Program". Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2013;38(6):666-72.

    Floras JS and Arcand J. Neuro-circulatory responses to carbohydrates in heart failure and healthy subjects: more similar than different. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2013;29(2):144-6.

    Food Monitoring Group. Progress with a global branded food composition database. Food Chemistry. 2013;140(3):451-7.

    Arcand J, Mednoza J, Qi Y, Henson S, Lou W, L'Abbé MR. Results of national survey examining Canadians' concern, actions, barriers, and support for dietary sodium reduction interventions. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2013;29:628-631.

    Emrich T, Arcand J, L'Abbe MR. Front-of-Pack nutrition labelling: a missed opportunity? Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2012;103 (4): 260-2.

    Arcand J and Newton GE. Dietary sodium reduction in heart failure: a challenge to the Cochrane review. American Journal of Hypertension. 2012; 25(1):19.

    Kasai, T,* Arcand J,*Allard JP, Mak S, Azevedo E, Newton GE, Bradley T. Relationship between sodium intake and sleep apnea in patients with heart failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2011;58:1970-4.

    Arcand J, Floras J, Azevedo E, Mak S, Newton GE, Allard JP. Evaluation of two methods for sodium intake assessment in cardiac patients with and without heart failure: the confounding effect of loop diuretics. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011;93:535-41.

    Book chapters

    Arcand J, Newton GE, Allard JP. (In Press) “Nonpharmacological Treatment of Heart Failure: Diet & Nutritional Aspects” in Heart Failure: Principles and Clinical Management. Editors: William T Abraham and Henry Krum. McGraw Hill, New York .

Research and expertise

  • Background and interests

    Dr. Arcand has expertise in clinical and population health aspects of cardiovascular disease prevention and management. She was recently awarded a National New Investigator Award from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and was the 2017 CIHR-INMD-Canadian Nutrition Society New Investigator Prize. Her research program is funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the Heart and Stroke Foundation and the International Development Research Centre. Her current research program is:

    • Examining the implementation of nutrition recommendations in primary care.
    • Evaluating novel tools for the dietary management and prevention of hypertension and heart failure.
    • Designing and developing mobile nutrition education apps for school age children in Ontario.
    • Evaluating policies to reduce population sodium intakes both nationally and in Latin America.

    She is also actively involved in the international Science of Salt research group, affiliated with the World Hypertension League and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Salt Reduction, and Chairs a subcommittee that conducts regular systematic reviews of studies published on dietary sodium and health outcomes. Dr. Arcand is also involved in numerous knowledge translation activities, including the development of novel tools to translate scientific information to the public, patients and clinicians. She volunteers her time to several committees with the Hypertension Canada, Canadian Nutrition Society and Dietitians of Canada. Dr. Arcand’s work has been published in high profile journals and presented to a variety of stakeholder groups including clinicians, academics, food industry and government. She was awarded a Notable Achievement Award from the World Hypertension League for her significant contributions in dietary sodium reduction.

    Dr. Arcand developed the Sodium Calculator, an innovative dietary assessment tool to assist the public and clinicians in rapidly determining the amount and sources of sodium in the diet.

    To keep clinicians, researchers and policymakers informed about the latest salt/sodium research, the Science of Salt research group frequently publishes systematic reviews of new research. Identified articles are also summarized weekly as part of a weekly Science of Salt newsletter.

     

     

  • Publications

    For a comprehensive list of publications, please visit PubMed.

    Arcand J, Au JTC, Schermel A, L'Abbe MR. Evaluation of food industry progress in reducing the sodium content of packaged foods in Canada: 2010 to 2013.  Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 2016; 41(6):684-90.

    Arcand J, Abdulaziz K, Bennett C, L'Abbe MR, Manuel DG. Developing a web-based dietary sodium screening tool for personalized assessment and feedback.  Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 2014; 39(3):413-414.

    Arcand J, Steckham K, Tzianetas R, L'Abbe M, Newton GE. Evaluation of sodium levels in hospital patient menus. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2012; 172(16): 1261-2. Impact Factor 15.01.

    Arcand J, Ivanov J, Sasson A, Floras V, Al-Hesayen A, Azevedo E, Mak S, Allard JP, Newton GE. High sodium intake is associated with acute decompensated heart failure in ambulatory heart failure patients. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011; 93: 332-7. 

  • Courses taught
    • Nutrition for Nursing Practice
    • International and Community Nutrition (University of Toronto)
  • Grants

    Dr. Arcand receives research funding from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the Heart and Stroke Foundation, the International Development Research Centre and the Ontario Research Excellence Fund.

  • Education
    • PhD Nutritional Sciences, UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, 2011
    • MSc Nutritional Sciences, UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, 2006
    • BSc Human Ecology (Food and Nutrition), UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO, 2001