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Dr. JoAnne Arcand Profile Photo

JoAnne Arcand
PhD, RD

Assistant Professor

Contact information

Science Building - Room 3016
North Oshawa
2000 Simcoe Street North
Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4

905.721.8668 ext. 3796


Research topics

  • food and nutrition
  • public health
  • clinical nutrition
  • dietary sodium
  • food supply
  • dietary assessment, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, heart failure, chronic disease prevention and management
  • program evaluation
  • public health policy
  • knowledge translation

Background

Dr. Joanne Arcand has clinical and population health expertise in nutritional and cardiovascular sciences, public health policy and knowledge translation. Much of her research work has focused on dietary sodium and trans fat, which has been published in high-impact nutrition, cardiology and medical journals. She has presented to federal and provincial governments, non-governmental organizations and the food industry at national and international conferences. Several of her studies have also received broad media coverage. She was recently awarded a Notable Achievement Award from the World Hypertension League for the impact of her work in hypertension prevention. 

She dedicated 10 years to full-time graduate and postdoctoral training, supported by funding from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and Canadian Institutes of Health Research. She is also a Registered Dietitian and has worked in a hospital as a dietitian in the areas of cardiology, critical care and administration. She is a member of the Canadian Nutrition Society, the American Society of Nutrition, Dietitians of Canada and Hypertension Canada.

She co-developed the Sodium Calculator, an innovative dietary assessment tool to assist the public and clinicians in rapidly determining the amount and sources of sodium in the diet.

Education

  • PhD Nutritional Sciences University of Toronto 2011
  • MSc Nutritional Sciences University of Toronto 2006
  • BSc Human Ecology (Food and Nutrition) University of Western Ontario 2001

Courses taught

Courses taught at the undergraduate level:

  • Nutrition for Nursing Practice
  • International and Community Nutrition (University of Toronto)

Research and expertise

Dr. Arcand is a nutritional scientist who conducts both clinical and population health research to improve the nutritional health of the public and patients with chronic diseases, particularly those with cardiovascular diseases. Her research focuses on:

  • Screening and identifying nutritional risk factors.
  • Testing and evaluating policies, tools and nutritional interventions to improve nutritional status.

Her emphasis has been on testing hypotheses related to dietary sodium and trans fat, using a variety of research methodologies and approaches. Funding sources include the Heart and Stroke Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research.

Research areas of specialty:

  • public health nutrition
  • clinical nutrition
  • dietary sodium
  • food supply
  • dietary assessment
  • cardiovascular disease (hypertension, heart failure)
  • chronic disease management
  • program and policy evaluation
  • knowledge translation

Involvement

  • Selected publications (past five years)

    Arcand J, Scourboutakos MJ, Au JTC, L’Abbe MR. Trends in trans fatty acid levels in the Canadian food supply: An updated analysis from 2006 to 2011. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014;100(4):1116-23.

    Fitzpatrick L, Arcand J, L’Abbe MR, Deng M, Duhaney T, Campbell NRC. Canadian food labels: Are they accurate? Nutrients. 2014. 22;6(8):3326-35.

    Arcand J, Au JTC, Schermel A, L’Abbe MR. A comprehensive analysis of sodium levels in the Canadian packaged food supply. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2014;46(6):633-42.

    Niebylski ML, Lu T, Campbell NRC, Arcand J, Schermel A, Hua D, Yeates KE, Tobe SW, Twohig PA, L’Abbe MR, Liu PP. Healthy Food Procurement Policies and their Impact. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014;3;11(3):2608-27.

    Arcand J, Abdulaziz K, Bennett C, L’Abbe MR, Manuel DG. Developing a web-based dietary sodium screening tool for personalized assessment and feedback. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2014;39(3):413-414.

    Mendoza J, Schram GA, Arcand J, Henson S, L’Abbe MR. Assessment of consumers' level of engagement in following recommendations for lowering sodium intake. Appetite. 2014;73:51-57.

    Wong CL, Arcand J, Mendoza J, Henson S, Qi Y, Lou W, L’Abbé MR. Consumer attitudes and understanding of low sodium claims on food: An analysis of healthy and hypertensive individuals. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013;97(6):1288-98.

    Arcand J, L'Abbe MR, Newton GE. Hospital Salt – Reply. JAMA Internal Medicine. 2013;11;173(5):391-2.

    Schermel A, Emrich TE, Arcand J, Wong CL, L’Abbe MR. Nutrition Marketing on Processed Food Packages in Canada: 2010 Food Label Information Program". Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2013;38(6):666-72.

    Floras JS and Arcand J. Neuro-circulatory responses to carbohydrates in heart failure and healthy subjects: more similar than different. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2013;29(2):144-6.

    Food Monitoring Group. Progress with a global branded food composition database. Food Chemistry. 2013;140(3):451-7.

    Arcand J, Mednoza J, Qi Y, Henson S, Lou W, L’Abbé MR. Results of national survey examining Canadians' concern, actions, barriers, and support for dietary sodium reduction interventions. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2013;29:628-631.

    Arcand J, Steckham K, Tzianetas R, L'Abbe M, Newton GE. Evaluation of sodium levels in hospital patient menus. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2012;172(16):1261-2.

    Emrich T, Arcand J, L'Abbe MR. Front-of-Pack nutrition labelling: a missed opportunity? Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2012;103 (4): 260-2.

    Arcand J and Newton GE. Dietary sodium reduction in heart failure: a challenge to the Cochrane review. American Journal of Hypertension. 2012; 25(1):19.

    Kasai, T,* Arcand J,*Allard JP, Mak S, Azevedo E, Newton GE, Bradley T. Relationship between sodium intake and sleep apnea in patients with heart failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2011;58:1970-4.

    Arcand J, Floras J, Azevedo E, Mak S, Newton GE, Allard JP. Evaluation of two methods for sodium intake assessment in cardiac patients with and without heart failure: the confounding effect of loop diuretics. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011;93:535-41.

    Arcand J, Ivanov J, Sasson A, Floras V, Al-Hesayen A, Azevedo E, Mak S, Allard JP, Newton GE. High sodium intake is associated with acute decompensated heart failure in ambulatory heart failure patients. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011;93:332-7.


    Book chapters

    Arcand J, Newton GE, Allard JP. (In Press) “Nonpharmacological Treatment of Heart Failure: Diet & Nutritional Aspects” in Heart Failure: Principles and Clinical Management. Editors: William T Abraham and Henry Krum. McGraw Hill, New York .

  • Selected conference presentations (past five years)

    Arcand, J, Abdulaziz K, Bennett C, L’Abbe MR, Manuel DG. Development of an evidence-based “Salt Calculator” to screen for the amount and sources of dietary sodium. Canadian Nutrition Society. St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador. June 2014.

    Arcand J, Scourboutakos MJ, Au JTC, L’Abbe MR. Trends in trans fatty acid levels in the Canadian food supply. Experimental Biology/American Society of Nutrition, San Diego, California, April 2014.

    Fraser J, Wilkinson L, Trang S, Steckham K, Oliphant H, Fletcher H, L’Abbe MR, Tzianetas R, Arcand J. A multi-center assessment of the nutritional quality of hospital patient menus. Experimental Biology/American Society of Nutrition, San Diego, California, April 2014.

    Arcand J, Au TC, L’Abbe MR. Examination of sodium levels in the Canadian food supply: quantitative estimates and comparisons against national benchmarks. Canadian Nutrition Society, Quebec City, Quebec, May 2013.

    Arcand J, Scourboutakos MJ, Au TC, L’Abbe MR. Sources of trans fat in the Canadian food supply: an analysis of packaged and restaurant foods. Canadian Nutrition Society, Quebec City, Quebec, May 2013.

    Manuel D, L’Abbe MR, Arcand J, Manson H, Rosella L, Bancej C, Wall R. The individual and population health burden of excess dietary sodium. Ontario Public Health Convention, Ottawa, Ontario, April 2013.

    Arcand J, Mendoza J, Qi Y, Lou W, L’Abbe MR. Canadians are concerned about dietary sodium, report barriers to sodium reduction, and highly support government interventions to lower sodium intakes: Results of a national survey. Experimental Biology/American Society of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts, April 2013.

    Wong CL, Arcand J, Mendoza J, Henson S, Qi Y, Lou W, L’Abbé MR. Consumer attitudes and understanding of low sodium claims on 1 food: An analysis of healthy and hypertensive individuals. Experimental Biology/American Society of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts, April 2013.

    Arcand J, Mendoza J, Qi Y, Lou W, L’Abbe MR. Canadian attitudes regarding dietary sodium and government-level policy interventions to lower Canadian sodium intakes. Canadian Hypertension Congress. Toronto, Ontario, October 2012.

    Arcand J, Schermel A, Lim M, L'Abbe M. Evaluation of sodium levels in the Canadian food supply. Dietitians of Canada/Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research Annual Event, Toronto, Ontario, May 2012.

    Arcand J, Toledo T, Schermel A, Lim M, L'Abbe M. Unintended differences in nutritional composition and food prices between high and low sodium foods. Dietitians of Canada/Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research Annual Event, Toronto, Ontario, May 2012.

    Arcand J, Steckham K, Klin L, Narin, J, Tzianetas R, Newton GE, L’Abbe MR. Sodium levels and other challenges of patient menus in Ontario hospitals. Experimental Biology/American Society of Nutrition, San Diego, California. Published in The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Journal. 2012;26:267.4

    Arcand J, Steckham K, Allard JP, Newton GE. Acceptability of urine collections and food records for dietary sodium intake assessment in heart failure patients. American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Orlando, Florida, November 2011.

    Arcand J, Mak S, Choleva M, Ahmed M, Allard JP, Newton GE. Adverse nutritional consequences of a sodium reduction in patients with heart failure. American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Orlando, Florida, November 2011.

    Arcand J, Floras JS, Azevedo E, Mak S, Allard JP, Newton GE. Loop diuretics impair the assessment of sodium intake in patients with heart failure. American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Chicago, Illinois, November 2010.

    Kasai T,* Arcand J,* Allard JP, Mak S, Azevedo E, Newton GE, Bradley T. Relationship between sodium intake and sleep apnea in patients with heart failure. American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Chicago, Illinois, November 2010.

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